The objective of scaling and root planing is to mechanically remove harmful agents that can lead to inflammation of the gingiva and bone. Common etiologic agents removed by this effective periodontal treatment include plaque and tartar. Doctors Network has made it simple to schedule an appointment with a periodontist or dentist near you that takes your insurance.
These non-surgical procedures which thoroughly cleanse the periodontium, work very effectively for individuals suffering from mild gum inflammation and even severe periodontitis.
Reasons for needing scaling and root planing
Scaling and root planing can be used both as a preventative procedure as well as a stand-alone treatment. This procedure is performed as prevention for a periodontitis sufferer.
Here are some reasons why scaling and root planings may be helpful:
- Aesthetic effects
Deep teeth cleaning helps clean off tartar and plaque from tooth roots and below the gumline. On top of that, if superficial stains are present on the teeth, they will be cleaned in the process of the scaling and root planing procedure.
- Tooth protection
When gum pockets exceed 3mm in depth, there is a greater risk of periodontitis. As gingival pockets deepen, they tend to house more colonies of dangerous bacteria. Ultimately, an inflammatory response by the body begins to damage bone and gingival tissue which could lead to tooth loss. Periodontitis is the main cause of tooth loss in the world.
- Disease prevention
The oral bacteria that cause periodontal disease can travel in the blood to other organs of the body. Research shows that heart disease and lung infections have been linked to harmful periodontal bacteria. Scaling and root planing removes bacteria and prevents periodontal disease, thus preventing the bacteria from spreading to other organs of the body.
- Better breath
One of the most common symptoms of periodontitis is halitosis or bad breath. Food particles and bacteria can cause a persistent bad odor in the mouth which is alleviated with procedures such as scaling and root planing.
Visit Doctors Network to find healthcare professionals for cosmetic gum surgery, and to find out if gum treatment is right for you.
What does scaling and root planing entail?
Deep cleaning or Scaling and root planing treatments are only performed after a thorough exam of the gums and teeth. Your dentist, will take dental X-rays, perform visual exams, and make a diagnosis before recommending or beginning these procedures.
Depending on the current condition of the gums, the extent of tartar present, the depth of the pockets, and the progression of the periodontal disease, local anesthesia may be used.
This part of the treatment is performed with special dental instruments and may include an ultrasonic scaling device. The scaling instrument removes plaque and tartar from the surface of the crown and root surfaces. In many cases, the scaling device includes irrigation of the gingival pockets that can be used to administer an antibacterial agent below the gums to reduce the density of oral bacteria.
This procedure is a specific treatment to remove the surface dentin and cementum that is embedded with unwanted microorganisms, calculus, and toxins. The root of the tooth is mechanically smoothed to promote good healing. Having smooth and clean root surfaces stops bacteria from colonizing in the future.
After these deep cleaning procedures, the gingival pockets may be treated with antibiotic agents. This will alleviate inflammation and irritation and help the gum tissues to heal faster.
On the next appointment, the Brooklyn dentist or hygienist will thoroughly examine the gingival tissues again to see how the pockets have healed. If the pockets still measure more than 3mm in depth, additional and more intensive treatments may be recommended.
If you need more information about deep cleaning in downtown Brooklyn, Crown Heights, Park Slope, Fort Greene, or any other parts of Brooklyn, please ask Dr. Pooria Shahin DDS, your dentist at 1st Impression Dental.